the Factors Influencing the “Thinking” (“khit pen”) of Undergraduates at Institutions of Higher Education in the Lower Northeastern Region thinking khit pen

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สายใจ ระดมสุข บุญมี พันธุ์ไทย ศักดิ์สิทธิ์ ขัตติยาสุวรรณ บุญเชิด ภิญโญอนันตพงษ์


The objectives of the research are as follows: (1) the levels at which are exhibited factors of interpersonal relationships, the self-concept, self-discipline, perceptions of information from the mass media, and the “thinking” (“khit pen”) of selected undergraduates at institutions of higher education in the lower northeastern region. (2) the relationships between all of the above factors and the “thinking” (“khit pen”) of these undergraduates. (3) the direct and indirect influence of the factors on the “thinking” (“khit pen”) of the students. The sample population consisted of 840 undergraduates selected from the research population.

The instruments of research a form used in measuring by the questionnaire. and a form employed for measuring the levels at which perceptions of information from the mass media were evinced. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the researcher also tested the construct validity of the forms.

Findings are as follows:

1. The students exhibited interpersonal relationships at a high level. The self-concept was at a high level. Self-discipline was at a high level. Perceptions of information from the mass media were at a high level. The “thinking” (“khit pen”) was evinced at the highest level.

2. The relationships between these factors and the “thinking” (“khit pen”) of the students were as follows: The correlation coefficients for all four factors showed relationships with “thinking” (“khit pen”) at the statistically significant level of .01.

3. The factor of self-discipline exhibited direct influence on the “thinking” (“khit pen”) at the highest level. The factors of interpersonal relationships, perceptions of information from the mass media exhibited indirect influence on the “thinking” (“khit pen”). The factor of interpersonal relationships exhibited the highest total influence on the “thinking” (“khit pen”) of the students under investigation.


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