Main Article Content
The objectives of this study are (1) to study internal and external factors of social media exposure affecting of children and youngsters in the Observation and Protection Center in Bangkok and Perimeter. And (2) to study the Factor of online media on violent behavior and the Offense of children and youngsters in the Observation and Protection Center in Bangkok and Perimeter. Data are collected from 329 youths in 6 observation and protection center in the age 11-23 years in Bangkok area who committed crime on how social media exposure affecting pattern and elements of violence. The study selects 57 youths who admit that violent content on social media have had an impact on their offense culpability and in depth interview of 7 youths in the observation and protection center managers and directors as well as 8 of the experts in communication, social study and youth behavior.
The study found that (1) internal factors significantly affect youth behavior are parenting, family relationship, physical and psychological conditions and(2) found that external factors were highly and moderately affecting youth behavior are Influence of friends group, social and environment.
The result of this study shows the long hours of social media exposure for more than 5 hours for at least minimum of 5 years in most cases affecting youth behavior. Violent contents on Facebook and YouTube are affecting youth violent recognition while Facebook most affects the violent behavior and offense culpability. The correlation between social media usage and youth violence had found that cyber-Bullying, commenting on status update affecting physical and cultural abuse. The correlation between social media usage and youth offense culpability was a result of undisclosed identity use in social media which enable user to conduct illegal activities.
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