THE EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION MODEL ON THE SUCCESS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE BUSINESS

Main Article Content

วุฒิพงค์ ครอบบัวบาน กัญญามน อินหว่าง

Abstract

       The objectives of this research were (1) to study competencies of entrepreneur affecting characteristics of organic agriculture business entrepreneur; (2) to study competencies and characteristics of entrepreneur affecting the success of organic agriculture business; and (3) to create a model of competencies and characteristics of entrepreneur affecting the success of organic agriculture business. The research sample consisted of 400 organic agriculture entrepreneurs obtained by convenient sampling from the population of 7458 organic agriculture entrepreneurs. Data were statistically analyzed using the mean, standard deviation, and multiple correlation coefficients. The researcher also conducted in-depth interviews of 11 organic agriculture entrepreneurs who had been in the business for 10 years. Interview data were analyzed with content analysis. The model was created based on results of verification by 11 experts.
        The research results revealed that (1) the competencies of entrepreneur affecting characteristics of organic agriculture business entrepreneur included management competency, strategic competency, relationship competency, and concept competency respectively; (2) the competencies of entrepreneur affecting the success of organic agriculture business comprised management competency, strategic competency, relationship competency, concept competency, and commitment competency, respectively; while characteristics of entrepreneur affecting the success of organic agriculture business comprised innovativeness characteristic, competitive ability characteristic, risk-taking characteristic, proactive working characteristic, and autonomy characteristic, respectively; and (3) the created model of competencies and characteristics of entrepreneur affecting the success of organic agriculture business was composed of two components and nine dimensions; the component of competencies of entrepreneur had four dimension, and the component of characteristics of entrepreneur had five dimensions.

Keywords

Article Details

How to Cite
ครอบบัวบานว., & อินหว่างก. (2019). THE EFFECT OF ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCY AND ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION MODEL ON THE SUCCESS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE BUSINESS. Panyapiwat Journal, 11(1), 113-126. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pimjournal/article/view/185964
Section
Research Article

References

Atawongsa, S. & Sattayarakwit, S. (2015). The Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Enterprise Characteristics on Thai Small and Medium Enterprises’ Growth. Suthiparithat Journal, 28(85), 61-79. [in Thai]
Babu, D. & Manalel, J. (2016). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance: A Critical Examination. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 18(4), 21-28.
Dess, G., Lumpkin, G. & Taylor, M. (2005). Strategic Management: Creating Competitive Advantages (2nd ed.) Boston, MA: McGraw Hill.
Ejdy, J. (2016). Entrepreneurial Orientation vs. Innovativeness of Small and Medium Size Enterprises. Journal of Engineering, Project, and Production Management, 6(1), 13-24.
Inwang, K. (2013). An Academic Leadership Developmental Model of Faculty Executives Affecting the Effectiveness of Academic Administration in the Private Higher Education institution. Journal of Western Rajabhat Universities, 7(2), 5-17 [in Thai]
Jittsangoan, T. (2001). Guidelines and Policies for Sustainable Agriculture Development: Northern case study. Bangkok: Kasetsart University. [in Thai]
Kaplan, R. & Norton, D. (1996). Strategic learning and the Balanced Scorecard. Strategic and Leadership, 24(5), 18-24.
Kuratko, D. & Hodgetts, R. (2007). Entrepreneur, ship: Theory, Process, Practice. Mason, OH: South-Western.
Lopa, N. & Bose, T. (2014). Relationship between Entrepreneurial Competencies of SME Owners/Managers and Firm Performance: A study on Manufacturing SMEs in Khulna City. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Management, 3(3), 1-12.
Man, T., Lau, T. & Chan, K. (2002). The Competitiveness of Small and Medium Enterprises: A Conceptualization with Focus on Entrepreneurial Competencies. Journal of Business Venturing, 17(2), 123-142.
Neethu, L. & Geo, P. (2015). Entrepreneurial Competencies in A Business Enterprise – An Over View. International Journal of Scientifc Research, 4(1), 226-227.
Offce of the National Economic and Social Development Board. (2013). Strategic Logistics Plan No. 2 (2013-2017), The Thai Ministry of Transport. Retrieved February 26, 2017, from http://www.nesdb.go.th/ewt_dl_link.php?nid=3267&flename=logistic [in Thai]
Ritirong, C. & Soonthonsmai, W. (2016). The Development of Entrepreneurship for a Small and Medium Enterprise of Organic Agricultural Producers and Distributors under The Standard of Organic Thailand’s Brand. Veridian E-Journal, 9(1), 67-87. [in Thai]
Sarwoko, E., Surachman, A. & Hadiwidjojo, D. (2013). Entrepreneurial Characteristics and Competency as Determinants of Business Performance in SMEs. Journal of Business and Management, 7(3), 31-38.
Spencer, M. & Spencer, M. S. (1993). Competence at work: Models for Superiors Performance. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Srisa-art, B. (2002). Initial Research. Bangkok: Sureewitthayasat. [in Thai]
Wickramaratne, A., Kiminami A. & Yagi, H. (2014). Entrepreneurial Competencies and Entrepreneurial Orientation of Tea Manufacturing Firms in Sri Lanka. Asian Social Science, 10(18), 50-62.
Yamane, T. (1973). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis (3rd ed.). New York: Harper and Row Publication.