Main Article Content
The purpose of this classroom research study is to develop a school-based mindfulness training program for enhancing elementary students’ emotional intelligence in a public school in Thailand. A group of 28 fourth graders (15 boys, 13 girls) from 9 to 10 years old participated in an eight-week mindfulness training course. Each week participants learned how to apply mindfulness in different areas of their lives. Students’ emotional intelligence was assessed by their parents twice, before and after the training. Based on the scores of the emotional intelligence assessment, the researcher selected the students and parents to participate in focus group discussions. The results showed an improvement in students’ emotional self-control, empathy, self-motivation, interpersonal relationships, life satisfaction and peace after the training. The implication of the study is that mindfulness training can be a tool for educators to develop students’ emotional and social competencies. The keys to the successful implementation of a mindfulness training program among children were discussed from students’ and parents’ feedback.
I and co-author(s) certify that articles of this proposal had not yet been published and is not in the process of publication in journals or other published sources. I and co-author accept the rules of the manuscript consideration. Both agree that the editors have the right to consider and make recommendations to the appropriate source. With this rights offering articles that have been published to Panyapiwat Institute of Management. If there is a claim of copyright infringement on the part of the text or graphics that appear in the article. I and co-author(s) agree on sole responsibility.
Bar-On, R. (1997). The Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i): A test of emotional intelligence. Toronto, Canada: Multi-Health Systems.
_____. (2006). The Bar-On model of emotional-social intelligence (ESI). Psicothema, 18(suppl.), 13-25.
Burke, C. A. (2010). Mindfulness-based approaches with children and adolescents: A preliminary review of current research in an emergent feld. Journal of Child Family Studies, 19(2), 133-144.
Carlillian, T. (n.d.). Holistic Me after School Program. Retrieved May 4, 2018, from http://hlfnc.org/programs-services/after-school-programs/
Caruso, D. R., Mayer, J. D. & Salovey, P. (2002). Emotional intelligence and emotional leadership. In R. E. Riggio, S. E. Murphy & F. J. Pirozzolo (Eds.). Multiple intelligences & leadership. (pp. 55-74). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Chongphaisal, P., Raweewan, M. & Wong, Y. Y. (2012). Development of Emotional Intelligence with meditation-based curriculum In a Primary School in Thailand. BAI International Conference 2012, Hokkaido, Japan.
Department of Mental Health. (2000). The development of Thai Emotional Intelligence Screening Test for ages 12 to 60. Nonthaburi: Ministry of Public Health.
Druskat, V., Sala, F. & Mount, G. (2006). Linking emotional intelligence and performance at work. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Fiedler, F. E. (1967). A theory of leadership effectiveness. NY: McGraw-Hill.
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. NY: Basic Books.
Goldin, P. R. & Cross, J. J. (2010). Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder. American Psychological Association, 10(1), 83-91.
Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence-why it can matter more than IQ. NY: Bantam Books.
Ilangovan, A., Scroggins, W. A. & Rozell, E. J. (2007). Managerial perspectives on emotional intelligence differences between India and the United States: The development of research propositions. International Journal of Management, 24(3), 541-548.
Jarutawai, N., Lowsuwansiri, A., Taechamaneesathid, P., Tangsangob, N., Chongphaisal, P. & Wong, Y. Y. (2014). Mindfulness Training at Schools in Thailand: An Experimental Approach. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 4(1).
Kabat-Zinn, J. (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain patients based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: Theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4(1), 33-47.
_____. (1990). Full catastrophe living: Using the wisdom of your body and mind to face stress, pain, and illness. NY: Bantam Dell.
_____. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are. NY: Hyperion.
_____. (2003). Mindfulness based interventions in context: Past, Present and Future. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 10(1), 144-156.
Lama, D. & Goleman, D. (2004). Destructive emotions–how can we overcome them? NY: Bantam Book.
LaRock, B. (2014). Mindfulness in K12 Education: Transforming Students, Schools, and Educational Leadership. Doctor of Education, Seattle University.
Lynn, A. B. & Lynn, J. (2015). The emotional intelligence activity kit: 50 easy and effective exercises for building EQ. NY: Amacom.
Mindful Schools. (n.d.). Why is mindfulness needed in education–The impact of toxic stress in school communities. Retrieved May 4, 2018, from https://www.mindfulschools.org/aboutmindfulness/mindfulness-in-education/Mindfulness in Schools. (n.d.). b Curriculum. Retrieved May 4, 2018, from https://mindfulnessinschools.org/what-is-b/b-curriculum/
Nhat-Hanh, T. (2011). Planting seeds- practicing mindfulness with children. USA: Parallax Press.
Pérez, J. C., Petrides, K. V. & Furnham, A. (2005). Measuring trait emotional Intelligence. In R. Schulze & R. D. Roberts (Eds.). Emotional intelligence-An international handbook (pp.181-201). US: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers.
Petrides, K., Sangareau, Y., Furnham, A. & Frederickson, N. (2006). Trait Emotional Intelligence and children’s peer relations at school. Social Development, 15(3), 537-547.
Salovey, P. & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9(3), 185–211.
Stein, S. J., Papadogiannis, P., Yip, J. A. & Sitarenios, G. (2008). Emotional Intelligence of Leaders: A Profle of Top Executives. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, 20(1), 87-103.
Sucaromana, U. (2010). The Thai Emotional Screening Test: Measurement and Validation with Pre-Service Teachers. Faculty of Education, Griffth University, Brisbane, Logan.
The Hawn Foundation. (2011). What is MindUp? The MindUp Curriculum. NY: Scholastic.
Thorndike, E. L. (1920). Intelligence and its use. Harper’s Magazine, 140, 227-235.
van de Oord, S., Bögels, S. M. & Peijnenburg, D. (2012). The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training for Children with ADHD and Mindful Parenting for their Parents. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(1), 139.
Vazirani, N. (2010). Competencies and competency model: A Brief overview of its development and application. SIES Journal of Management, 7(1), 121-131.
Weare, K. (2012). Evidence for the impact of mindfulness on children and young people. University of Exeter, Southampton, UK.
Wechsler, D. (1950). Intellectual development and psychological maturity. Child Development, JSTOR, 21, 45-50.
Wilson, J. (2014). Mindful America: The mutual transformation of Buddhist meditation and American culture. Oxford University Press, p. 35.
Wong, Y. Y. (2015). Development of attention, cognitive and affective skills through mindfulness training among young children in a classroom. International Conference of Applied Statistics 2015, Pattaya, Thailand.
_____. (2016). Development of emotional intelligence through mindfulness practice: An action research conducted among elementary students in a classroom. International Conference of Applied Statistics 2016, Phuket, Thailand.