THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION ON UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION

Main Article Content

Fuliu Xiao Jian Bao

Abstract

     With the implementation of central government’s policy of “mass entrepreneurship and innovation” in China, it has become a national strategy to strengthen entrepreneurship education to urge college graduates to start their own businesses, so as to enhance the overall development
and employment of college students. Chinese colleges and universities have set off an upsurge of entrepreneurship education. After analyzing the existing problems of entrepreneurship education and based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, this paper proposed the “TSO” (Theory Study,
Simulation and Operation) theoretical model about the effects of entrepreneurship education on students’ entrepreneurial intention. The objectives are to find out the antecedent factors influencing college students’ entrepreneurial intention and to cultivate their innovative and entrepreneurial ability as well as to improve the quality of running colleges. 2,500 undergraduate students from 11 general universities in Guangxi of China were selected as the research objects by random sampling. Questionnaires were issued to these students and 2,420 valid questionnaires were collected. After obtaining data, this study carried out validity and reliability analysis, descriptive analysis, regression analysis with the help of statistical software. The results reveal that the three independent variables—theory study, simulation training, and operation of entrepreneurial education have positive effects on students’ entrepreneurial intention. The three hypotheses proposed were supported, which verified the “TSO” model.

Keywords

Article Details

How to Cite
Xiao, F., & Bao, J. (2019). THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION ON UNIVERSITY STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION. Panyapiwat Journal, 11(1), 244-261. Retrieved from https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pimjournal/article/view/186189
Section
Research Article

References

Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to Actions: A Theory of Planned Behavior. In Action control. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of Planned Behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-207.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-effcacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change. Psychological review, 84(2), 191.
Béchard, J. P. & Grégoire, D. (2005). Entrepreneurship Education Research Revisited: The Case of Higher Education. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 4(1), 22-43.
Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: the Case for Intention. The Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442-454.
Birdthistle, N. (2008). An Examination of Tertiary Students’ Desire to Found an Enterprise. Education Training, 50(7), 552-567.
Chen, C. C., Greene, P. G. & Crick, A. (1998). Does entrepreneurial self-effcacy distinguish entrepreneurs from managers? Journal of Business Venturing, 13(4), 295-316.
Chen, D. & Wang, W. K. (2016). Determinants of University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Shandong University (Social Science), (6), 113-119. [in Chinese]
Chen, W., Yao, G. & Xu, Z. (2012). An Empirical Research on Factors Affecting University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. China Higher Education Research, 9, 87-89. [in Chinese]
Drucker, P. (1953). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
Fayolle, A., Gaily, B. & Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006). Assessing the impact of entrepreneurship education programmes: A new methodology. Journal of European Industrial Training, 30(9), 701-720.
Guo, H., Mao, Y., Bai, X. & Zeng, Z. (2009). Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Soft Science, 23(9), 89-92. [in Chinese]
Ha, Y. & Gao, X. (2014). Research on the Innovation of University Entrepreneurship Education. Journal of Hebei University (Philosophy and Social Science), 11(6), 148-150. [in Chinese]
Hill, G. E. (1988). Variations in university entrepreneurship education: an empirical study of an evolving feld. Journal of Business Venturing, 3(2), 109-122.
Krueger, N. F. (2007). The Cognitive Infrastructure of Opportunity Emergence. In Entrepreneurship. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
Li, J. (2013). Research on the Influence of Entrepreneurship Education on University Students’ Entrepreneurial Intentions. Tianjin, China: Nankai University. [in Chinese]
Li, W., Zhu, J., Huang, J. & Zhao, Y. (2012). On Enhancing College Students’ Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Journal of Fujian Business College, (2), 26-29. [in Chinese]
Li, X. L., He, G. M. & Ye, P. H. (2015). Review of the Influencing Factors of College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention. Study and Practice, (6), 45-51. [in Chinese]
Li, Z. H. (2004). Methodology of Management Study. Xi’an: Xi’an Jiaotong University Press. [in Chinese]
Licht, A. N. (2006). Entrepreneurial Spirit and What the Law can do about It. Comp. Lab. L. & Pol’y J., 28, 817.
Linan, F. & Chen, Y. (2009). Development and cross-cultural application of a specifc instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617. [in Chinese]
Lu, G. S., Peng, Z. X. & Kang, H. (2013). Entrepreneurial Intentions of University Students and Influencing Factors. Journal of Xi’an Jiaotong University (Social Sciences), 7(4), 104-113. [in Chinese]
Mcmullan, W. E. & Long, W. A. (1987). Entrepreneurship Education in the Nineties. Journal of Business Venturing, 2(3), 261-275.
Ning, Z. & Li, P. W. (2012). Review of studies on entrepreneurship education in universities and colleges. Education Forum, 39, 255-256. [in Chinese]
Peng, G. (1995). Entrepreneurship Pedagogy. Nanjing, China: Jiangsu Education Publishing House. [in Chinese]
Peterman, N. E. & Kennedy, J. (2003). Enterprise education: Influencing Students’ Perceptions of Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28(2), 129-144.
Phan, P. H., Kamwong, P. & Wang, C. K. (2002). Antecedents to entrepreneurship among university students in Singapore: beliefs, attitudes and background. Journal of Enterprising Culture, 10(2), 151-174.
Qian, Y. H. (2007). On the Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities & Social Sciences Edition), 37, 144-152. [in Chinese]
Shapero, A. & Sokol, L. (1982). The Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship. In C. Kent, D. Sexton & K. Vesper (Eds.). Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. (pp. 72-90). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Wang, X. H., Bo, F. Y. & Lei, J. S. (2016). Research on the Influence of Entrepreneurial Education on College Students’ Entrepreneurial Intention: Comparing University Students with Vocational Students. Tsinghua Journal of Education, 9(5), 116-124. [in Chinese]
Wang, Y. & Wang, J. (2013). Research on the Influencing Factors of Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students-Based on the Relationship between Social Network Perspective. Economy and Management, 27(3), 64-68. [in Chinese]
Wu, A. P., Dong, M. & Li, H. (2018). Analysis on Policy Structure of “Internet+” and “Mass Entrepreneurship and Innovation”: Based on Grounded Theory and Co-words Analysis. Science and Technology Management Research, (10), 44-52. [in Chinese]
Xing, D., Wei, D. & Liang, H. (2014). Theoretical and Practical Research on Education System for College Students’ Entrepreneurship. China: Press of Jinan University. [in Chinese]
Xu, X. Z. & Mei, W. H. (2014). Research on the Construction Strategy of Entrepreneurship Education System. Hangzhou, China: Zhejiang Education Publishing. [in Chinese]
Yan, H. X. (2013). “A 10-year trees, takes a hundred years and the long-term goal-oriented education” Reflections on the Management of University Education. Professional Technology, (5),75. [in Chinese]
Yang, J. Y., Yin, Q. & Wang, S. (2017). Review of Correlation Studies of Entrepreneurial Intention, Entrepreneurial Capability and Entrepreneurship Education. Journal of Huaiyin Teachers College (Natural Science Edition), 6(16), 163-168. [in Chinese]
Zhou, Z. C., Yan, N. & Wang, H. (2016). Entrepreneurship Education for University Students and its Influence on Entrepreneurial Intention. Studies in Ideological Education, 9(9), 120-123. [in Chinese]