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China is a country with more than five thousand years history. The Chinese government has gone through several changes, going from a monarchy in the dynastic era – lasting over four thousand years until the invasion by western countries – to the decline of the imperial and feudal system. After the fall of the dynastic era, China developed its own democratic approach with Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s political philosophy known as the Three Principles of the People. However, external and internal factors led to a socialist revolution. Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, China went through Cultural Revolution and Closed Door Policy. The goal was to make China self-reliant and develop its economy in line with that of foreign countries. These policies caused the collapse of China’s economy. After Mao Zedong’s death, Deng Xiaoping initiated economic reform and opened the country to encourage capitalism. As a result, China now has a stable economy and political system. In the era of the current president, Xi Jinping, several new policy ideas have been announced. For example, Chinese Dream concept, Improvement of People’s life quality, 21St Century Silk Road (One belt One Road) Policy, anti-corruption campaign and many other policies. Because of his outstanding political achievement, the two five-year term limit for presidency has been changed to lifelong term.
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