Factors Influencing Eating Behaviors Among Teenage Pregnant Women

Main Article Content

ธารินันท์ ลีลาทิวานนท์ โสเพ็ญ ชูนวล สุนันทา ยังวนิชเศรษฐ


     This predictive research aimed to study the level of eating behaviors and factors influencing eating
behaviors among teenage pregnant women. The sample consisted of 200 teenage pregnant women
who visited antenatal clinics at Hatyai Hospital and Songkla Hospital. The research instruments for data
collection comprised 7 questionnaires. The content validity of all questionnaires was judged by 3 experts.
The reliability of questionnaires 2-6 were tested using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, yielding values of 0.80,
0.88, 0.85, 0.86 and 0.89 respectively. The reliability of questionnaire 7 was tested using Kuder-Richardson
(KR-20) yielding a value of 0.77. Data were analyzed using percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The
predictability was analyzed using multiple regression.

     The result showed that eating behavior of teenage pregnant women was at a good level (M =
65.71, S.D. = 6.58). Regression modeling showed that self-efficacy of eating behavior, social support of eating
behavior, and belief of eating behavior could explain 37 percent of the variation. (R2 = .37, p < .001). The
results of this study could be used as basic information to promote optimal eating behavior among teenage
pregnant woman.


Article Details



Boonrin, W. (2010). Factor affecting food consumption behavior of university students, Ubonratchathani
Province. Journal of Graduate School, Piyatat, 5(1), 154-163.

Burn, N., & Grove, S. K. (2009). The practice of nursing research: Appraisal, synthesis, and generation of evidence. (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Sauders Elsevier.

Chaipornpattana, S., Danpradit, P., & Singhakum, N. (2009). A development of self-care model for teenage
pregnant in Phichit Province. Phichit Hospital Journal, 24(1), 41-53.

Chaiyasung, P., Yakasem, P., & Chuthongrat, N. (2014). Factors predicting food consumption behaviors of
overweight elementary school students, grade 4-6. The Journal of Boromarajonani College of Nursing, 20(1), 30-43.

Chinsriwongkul, N. (2001). Factors affecting food consumption behaviors of overweight students in elementary
schools under the office of private education commission in Bangkok Metropolis. Master’s Thesis, Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)

Chumkaew, K., & Rungsayatorn, S. (2014). Knowledge, attitude, and food consumption behavior of the elderly in Songkhla province. Kasetsart Journal (Social Sciences), 35(1), 16-29.

Dechrerkpan, P. (2006). Attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intentions and low fat diet
consumption among female adolescents in Phattalung municipal area. Master’s thesis, Prince of Songkla University. (in Thai).

Geounuppakul, M. (2011). “Teenage Pregnancy. In E. Kovavisarach, P. Promsonthi, & B. Junruchakul(Eds.)”. High Risk Pregnancy (pp. 35-49). Bangkok: Union creation. (in Thai)

Green, L., & Kreuter, M. (1991). Health promotion planning: An educational and environmental approach . (2nd ed.). Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing.

Kaewprom, S. (2006). Food consumption behavior in accordance with the National Health Recommendations
of prathom suksa 6 students in Amphur Thasala Changwat Nakhon Si Thammarat. Master’s Thesis, Srinakharinwirot University. (in Thai)

Kengrang, P. (2009). The effect of health promotion program with family support on health promoting behaviors
of pregnant adolescents, Mahasarakham Hospital. Master’s thesis, Khon Kaen University. (in Thai).

Kruachottikul, S., & Paiboon, S. (2014). Quality of unintended teenage pregnant women: Midwifery Roles. Kuakarun Journal of Nursing, 21(2), 18-27.

Lonuch, S. (2011). Predicting factors of nutritional promoting behaviors among pregnant women over 35 years
of age. Master’s thesis, Thammasat University. (in Thai)

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2014). Statistics on Adolescent Births, Thailand 2013.
Retrieved March 17, 2015, from http://dcy.go.th/webnew/uploadchild /cld/download/file_th_20152002002459_1.pdf.

Ministry of Social Development and Human Security. (2016). Statistics on Adolescent Births, Thailand 2015. Retrieved November 20, 2016, from https://www.m-society.go.th/ewtadmin /ewt/mso_web/article_attach/17700/19942.pdf. (in Thai)

Panyayong, B. (2010). A systematic review of adolescent pregnancy. (2nd ed.). Department of Mental Health: Ministry of Public Health. (in Thai)

Pechkwang, D., Kaewjiboon, J., Boontha, R., & Junsuk, K. (2011). Impacts of pregnancy and factors affecting
pregnancy among teens who received prenatal care at Phayao Hospital. [Research Project]. Boromarajonani College of Nursing. (in Thai)

Pender, J. N., Murdaugh, G. L., & Parsons, M. A. (2006). Health promotion in nursing practice. (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2012). Nursing research. Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. (9th ed.). Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott, Williams &Wilkins.

Ponglopisit, S. (2009). Maternal risk factors of low birth weight infant at Thoen Hospital, Lampang. Lampang Medical Journal, 30(3), 146-153.

Puttisawong, W. (2015). The effect to self-efficacy enhancement with husband support program on food consumption behaviors of pregnant adolescents. Master’s thesis, Prince of Songkla University. (in Thai)

Rattanaprom, P. (2002). Factors affecting nutritional promoting behavior of thalassaemic carrier pregnant women. Master’s thesis, Mahidol University. (in Thai)

Rongluen, S., Talengjit, P., & Siriborirak, S. (2010). Unwanted pregnancies in teenagers: A survey of problems
and needs for health care support. Siriraj Nursing Journal, 3(2), 14-28.

Sakunrad, C. (2012). Food consumption behaviors in pregnancy. Buddhachinaraj Medical Journal, 29, 180–189.
Srisatidnarakul, B. (2010). The methodology in nursing research. (5th ed.). Bangkok: U & I Inter Media Co.,Ltd.
(in Thai)

Sriugsorn, T. (2008). Factors affecting food consumption behaviors of elderly in Bankok Metropolis. Master’s
Thesis, Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)

Sunpakaew, W., Sanasuttipun, W., Sangperm, P., & Likitmaskul, S. (2014). The relationships between social support, selected factors and food consumption behaviors in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes. Kuakarun Journal of Nursing, 21(Suppl.), 186-204. (in Thai)

United Nations Development Programme (2014). Millennium Development Goals: Eight Goals for 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/mdgoverview/.

Vanichbuncha, K. (2012). Data analysis by SPSS for Window. (20th ed.). Bangkok: Thammasan. (in Thai)

Wanniyom, N., & Pasanta, K. (2010). Health promotion of adolescent pregnancy in Sungnoen Hospital, Nakhonratchasima province. Journal of Nakhonratchasima College, 4(2), 11-18.

Wongman, N., Sangiamjit, P., & Wongprasit, J. (2014). Health promotion behaviors of pregnant teenagers in
Ubonratchathani province. Research and Development Health System Journal, 7(1), 211-235.

World Health Organization. (2010). Position paper on mainstreaming adolescent pregnancy in efforts to make
pregnancy safer. Retrieved October 10, 2015, from http://www.gfmer.ch /SRH-Course-2010/adolescentsexual-