Self Protective Behaviorof Leprosy Family Members in Narathiwat Province

Main Article Content

Patchinee Santhikarn Isara Tongsamsi Kanlaya Tansakun

Abstract

Thiscorrelation research aimed toanalyze the causal relation between, in one hand, the knowledge, attitude as well as prevention behaviortoward leprosy (exogenous latent variable)and, in the other hand, self-protection behavior in family members of Leprosy patients (endogenous latent variable) in Narathiwat province. The moderated mediation models were personal factors in leprosy family members: gender, age, income, size of family as well as family type of leprosy patients. Sample was 110 family members of patients with leprosy (15 family members of patients with leprosy more than one time, and 95 family members of patients with leprosy only one time). The sample must live with the leprosy patient in the same home more than 5 days a week, at least6 months, and age over 18 years old.And they were selected using the sample criteria for multivariate analysis,as in the form of the least squares parametric equations from Hair, Hult, Ringle, and Sarstedt (2014). Thiscorrelation research aimed toanalyze the causal relation between, in one hand, the knowledge, attitude as well as prevention behaviortoward leprosy (exogenous latent variable)and, in the other hand, self-protection behavior in family members of Leprosy patients (endogenous latent variable) in Narathiwat province. The moderated mediation models were personal factors in leprosy family members: gender, age, income, size of family as well as family type of leprosy patients. Sample was 110 family members of patients with leprosy (15 family members of patients with leprosy more than one time, and 95 family members of patients with leprosy only one time). The sample must live with the leprosy patient in the same home more than 5 days a week, at least6 months, and age over 18 years old.And they were selected using the sample criteria for multivariate analysis,as in the form of the least squares parametric equations from Hair, Hult, Ringle, and Sarstedt (2014). The research found that personal factors data in age and income had nostatistically significant relationship at .05 with self-protection behaviors. The sex and size of the family and family characteristics for self-protection behaviors were not statistically significant at the level of .05. An analysis of the causal relation between the knowledge of leprosy and attitude toward leprosy prevention behavior on self-protection behaviors found that the knowledge of leprosy was not directly affected by the leprosy behavior of leprosy family members at a statistically significant of .01.The attitudes toward leprosy had a direct influence on the leprosy prevention behavior of leprosy family members at the statistically significant level of .0.1.And knowledge about leprosy and attitudes towards leprosy could explain the prevalence of leprosy behavior in leprosy family members at the level of 39.4%.

Keywords

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย

References

Anna M., et al. (2011). Leprosy among Patient Contacts: A Multilevel Study of
Risk Factors. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom.
Cronbach. L. J., (1963). Educational Psychology. New York :Harcourt, Brace and World.
DeeMak , N., (2004). Factors Related to Leprosy Prevention and Control Behaviors of
Peoplein Sampaniang Subdistrict, Ban Phraek District, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
Province. Master of Science Program in Health Education. (in Thai).
Hair, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C. M., & Sarstedt, M. (2014). A Primer on Partial Least
Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Morchawban., (2008). Leprosy is not as scary as you think.. Retrieved 9 December 2016, from
https://www.doctor.or.th/article/detail/1150, (in Thai).
Provincial Public Health Office., (2016). New Leprosy Patient Registration Report 2016.
(in Thai).
Raj Pracha Samasai Institute. (2017). Leprosy Situation in Thailand 2017. from
https://thaileprosy.ddc.moph.go.th/site/index.htm, Retrieved 7 January 2018, (in Thai).
Ringle, C. M., Wende, S., & Will, A. (2005). SmartPLS 2.0.M3. Hamburg: SmartPLS,
https://www.smartpls.de., 19 July 2016
Rosenstock, I. M. (1974) Historical origins of the Health Belief Model. Health Education
Monographs. Health EducationMonographs.
Serckkic, C & Cheuin., (2014). Forecasting of leprosy by using Risk
analysis Thailand, 2014. Bangkok : Raj Pracha Samasai Institute Department of
Disease Control. (in Thai).
Siriudomphais, Salil. (2014). Leprosy. Retrieved 13 July 2016, from
https://haamor.com/th/โรคเรื้อน/ (in Thai).
Techaumuauywit, A., (2009). Self-Care And Factors Related To Self-Care Of Older Persons
with Leprosy. Master of Nursing Science Thesis in Gerontological Nursing, Graduated
School, Khon Kaen University.
World Health Organization. (2018). Leprosy: world focused on ending transmission among
children. Retrieved 19 July 2018, from https://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/news/
Leprosy_ending_transmission_among_children/en/.