The Effect of Mental Health Rehabilitation Program on Resilience of Orphans from the Unrest Situation in Southern Thailand

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Paisan Muesa Vineekarn Kongsuwan Wandee Suttharangsee

Abstract

This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effect of a mental health rehabilitation program on resilience of orphans from the unrest situation in Southern Thailand. Purposive sampling was used to select 60 orphans aged between 12and 18 years who were studying in high schools in the academic year 2017, whose hometown was Muang district, Pattani province, and who had experienced on impact from unrest situation in southern Thailand. Thirty persons were randomly assigned to the experimental group and thirty persons to the control group. The research instruments included 1) the general information questionnaire, 2) the mental health rehabilitation program developed by the researcher consisting of four sessions lasting 60– 90 minutes each and provided once a week, and 3) the resilience questionnaire, which was examined for content validity by three experts and yielded the reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha of .88. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square, paired t-testand independent t-test.This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effect of a mental health rehabilitation program on resilience of orphans from the unrest situation in Southern Thailand. Purposive sampling was used to select 60 orphans aged between 12and 18 years who were studying in high schools in the academic year 2017, whose hometown was Muang district, Pattani province, and who had experienced on impact from unrest situation in southern Thailand. Thirty persons were randomly assigned to the experimental group and thirty persons to the control group. The research instruments included 1) the general information questionnaire, 2) the mental health rehabilitation program developed by the researcher consisting of four sessions lasting 60– 90 minutes each and provided once a week, and 3) the resilience questionnaire, which was examined for content validity by three experts and yielded the reliability with a Cronbach’s alpha of .88. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square, paired t-testand independent t-test. The results showed that: 1) after attending the mental health rehabilitation program, the experimental group had a significantly higher mean score of resilience than before attending the program after the program at the .05 level; 2) the experimental group had a significantly higher mean score of resilience than the control group, who received regular intervention at the .05 level. It is recommended that health personnel or healing team should use the program to increase resilience among orphans from the unrest situation in southern Thailand.

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บทความวิจัย