Main Article Content
The purpose of this descriptive research were to study: 1) the relationship among age, hardiness empowerment and job burnout of professional nurses and 2) to analyze factors affecting job burnout of professional nurses in Suratthani Hospital. The sample included 100 professional nurses who provided direct care for patients for at least 1 year at Suratthani hospital. Questionnaires were used as research tools and comprised of fourth sections: 1) personal data, 2) hardiness questionnaire modified from Suthida Ruangpheng (2007), 3) empowerment questionnaire developed based on Kanter (1977), and 4) job burnout questionnaire developed based on Maslach and Jackson (1982). The content validity index (CVI) was verified by five experts. The CVI of the second to the fourth section were .91, .95, and .88 respectively. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient were .94, .98, and .89 respectively. Research data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
The research finding were as follows: 1) Age was significantly positively correlated with job burnout (r=.59, p<.01). Hardiness and empowerment were significantly negatively correlated with job burnout (r=-.62 and -.56 respectively, p<.001). 2) Age, hardiness, and empowerment could significantly explain variance of job burnout. These predictors accounted for 61.3% (R2=.613).