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Total knee arthroplasty is one of the most common treatment for elderly patients with severe knee osteoarthritis. During post-operation, it is important to assess patients’ quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the pain intensity level, physical activities, depression in predicting elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty at 6-week quality of life. The samples in this study were one hundred elderly patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty at one tertiary care hospital in Bangkok, Thailand. The questionnaires included a demographic questionnaire, numeric rating scale, modified Barthel activities of daily index, Thai geriatric depression scale-15, and the osteoarthritis of knee hip quality of life questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s product-moment correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression.
The results indicated that pain intensity level had a strong negative correlation with quality of life (r = -.62, p < .01) whereas physical activities had a moderate positive correlation with quality of life (r = .33, p < .01). All predictors could explain 46% of variance in patients’ quality of life. The results suggested that it is necessary to have an intervention program to assess and manage pain after discharge as well as promoting physical activities for this population. This will then lead to enhancement of patients’ quality of life.
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