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Background: Empathy is a predominant quality for nurses because it make better understanding about suffering and better respond to patient’ needs. The empathetic ability in nursing students would be great knowledge that can be beneficial for developing the instructional designs.
Objectives: To compare the empathetic abilities of nursing students at different educational levels and grade point averages
Materials and methods: The study was survey research. Samples were recruited by purposive sampling. There were 373 nursing students at all educational levels participated in this study. The empathetic ability which developed from Jefferson scale of physician empathy-student version in Thai with reliability Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.82, was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using percentages, means, standard deviation, ANOVA, and Kruskal Wallis test.
Results: The findings show that
1) There were statistically significant differences in means scores of empathetic ability among educational levels (F3, 369 =13.446, p < 0.01)
2) There were statistically significant differences in means scores of empathetic ability among grade point averages (p < 0.05)
Conclusions: The findings demonstrated that the empathetic ability is difference among educational levels and grade point averages. Administrators and nursing educational personnel could apply this knowledge to develop a better instructional design in nursing education in order to promote the empathetic ability among nursing students in the future.
Keywords: empathy; nursing students; educational levels; grade point averages
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