Main Article Content
Background: Rapid initiation of basic life support (BLS) significantly associate with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). In Thailand, only 15.8% of OHCA receive bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Objective: To study learning outcome in BLS and effective skill of BLS in primary school children.
Methods: Data was collected retrospectively in BLS training. The training provided for RAMAkids club which participants were primary school children during summer (October 2015). Pretest, posttest, and practical exams were applied to evaluate BLS training.
Results: All 63 students completed all the steps, 26 students were boys, and almost students studied in grade 1-4. Primary school children had ability to learn from pretest, posttest, and practice skill evaluation. The effectiveness of chest compression in BLS were average in depth and speed of 3.3 cm and 106.9 time/minute, respectively.
Conclusions: This study showed that primary school children had ability to learn BLS skill and could be initiated basic rescue properly. Early training BLS for primary school children enhances their alertness in recognizing a cardiac arrest and knowledge of BLS procedures.
2. Kleinman ME, Brennan EE, Goldberger ZD, Goldberger ZD, Swor RA, et al. Part 5: Adult basic life support and cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: 2015 American heart association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2015;132(18 Suppl 2):S414-S435. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000259.
3. Abe T, Tokuda Y, Cook EF. Time-based partitioning model for predicting neurologically favorable outcome among adults with witnessed bystander out-of-hospital CPA. PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e28581. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028581.
4. Taniguchi T, Sato K, Fujita T, Okajima, M, Takamura, M. Attitudes to bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Japan in 2010. Circ J. 2012;76(5):1130-1135. doi:10.1253/circj.CJ-11-0054.
5. Lewis RM, Fulstow R, Smith GB. The teaching of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in schools in Hamshire. Resuscitation. 1997;35(1):27-31. doi:10.1016/S0300-9572(97)00027-0.
6. Lubrano R, Romero S, Scoppi P, et al. How to become an under 11 rescuer: a practical method to teach first aid to primary schoolchildren. Resuscitation. 2005;64(3):303-307. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2004.09.004.
7. Berthelot S, Plourde M, Bertrand I, et al. Push hard, push fast: quasi-experimental study on the capacity of elementary schoolchildren to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2013;21:41. doi:10.1186/1757-7241-21-41.
8. Bohn A, Lukas RP, Breckwoldt J, Böttiger BW, Van Aken H. ‘Kids save lives’: why schoolchildren should train in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Curr Opin Crit Care. 2015;21(3):220-225. doi:10.1097/MCC.0000000000000204.
9. Lukas RP, Aken HV, Mölhoff T, et al. Kids save lives: a six-year longitudinal study of schoolchildren learning cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Who should do the teaching and will the effects last? Resuscitation. 2016;101:35-40. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2016.01.028.
10. Jones I, Whitfield R, Colquhoun M, Chamberlain D, Vetter N, Newcombe R. At what age can schoolchildren provide effective chest compressions? an observational study from the Heartstart UK schools training programme. BMJ. 2007;334(7605):1201. doi:10.1136/bmj.39167.459028.DE.
11. Cave DM, Aufderheide TP, Beeson J, et al. Importance and implementation of training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillation in schools: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011;123(6):691-706. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e31820b5328.