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Background: There are relatively few reports of neuropsychiatric symptom clusters which affect the quality of life in patients with stroke.
Objective: To study neuropsychiatric symptom clusters and the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptom clusters and quality of life among patients with stroke.
Methods: This descriptive study conducted in 140 patients with stroke at Sanpasithiprasong Hospital, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand; they were selected purposively. Data were collected through patient general and clinical information, the neuropsychiatric symptoms assessment, and the 12-item stroke-specific quality of life scale conducted from September 2018 to January 2019.
Results: The results illustrated that 12 neuropsychiatric symptoms of patients with stroke embraced 3 symptom clusters were psychosis clusters, behavioral problems clusters, and mood disturbance clusters. (average frequency = 1.58, 2.37, 2.49; and average severity = 2.08, 2.73, 2.82, respectively). Among 3 symptom clusters, psychosis (r = 0.289; P < .01), behavioral problems (r = 0.719; P < .01), and mood disturbance (r = 0.716; P < .01) clusters were statistically significantly associated with all aspects of quality of life.
Conclusions: This study showed that neuropsychiatric symptom, especially behavioral problems and mood disturbance clusters were correlated with quality of life among patients with stroke.
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