A Model for Developing the Leaders of Civil Society Leaders to Protect and Anti- Corruption

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Ajchariya Wata

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to design a model for developing the civil society leaders to protect and anti-corruption by using the training curriculum construction, to evaluate the implementation of the curriculum and to make a comparative studying of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on protect and anticorruption. The process consisted of four stages : 1) studying and surveying for assessing needs : 2) constructing and developing the curriculum : 3) implementing the curriculum and 4) evaluating and improving the curriculum. The samples consisted of 120 civil society leaders who were selected by the simple random sampling technique. The research instruments were questionnaires for evaluating knowledge on protection and anti-corruption with discrimination power of 0.29 - 0.71, difficulty index of 0.26 - 0.70 and 0.79 of reliability. The questionnaires for evaluating attitude with discrimination power of 0.34 to 0.78 and 0.77 of reliability, and evaluating behaviors with discrimination power of 0.30 – 0.77, and 0.88 of reliability. The evaluation forms were used to assess the congruence and appropriateness of training curriculum of 0.89. The statistics were percentage, mean, standard deviation and paired t-test. The study found that the most effective strategy of protect and anticorruption was curriculum construction to develop the civil society leaders. The curriculum consisted of 4 stages : 1) studying and analyzing problems, literature reviewing, studying the constitution of Thailand 2007, The 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan (2012-2016), analyzing economic and social conditions in at present and in the future, and organizing workshop for assessing needs ; 2) constructing and developing the curriculum on two steps; drafting and improving the curriculum before the actual cause and evaluating the appropriateness and feasibility of the curriculum; 3) implementing the curriculum 4) evaluating and improving the curriculum. This strategy provided an opportunity for developing the leaders of local organization to Protect and Anti-corruption through the training process. The contents of training curriculum consisted of five units, namely, 1) knowledge on leadership, 2) development of teamwork and network, 3) knowledge on Corruption and 4) knowledge and skills on Protect and Anti-corruption 5) knowledge on good government. The research results showed that the leaders of local organizations had higher scores on Protect and Anti-corruption, the level of knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on Protect and Anti-corruption after training as a whole than before training (p-value < 0.05). 

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