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The objective of this research was to analyze metaphorical language in the Lord of the Rings: the case study of the Fellowship of the Ring written by J.R.R. Tolkien (John Ronald Reuel Tolkien). Data analysis in this research applied linguistic theories to analyze and sort out all metaphors in the Lord of the Rings: the Fellowship of the Ring. The data were systematically analyzed by percentage. A result was revealed that all metaphorical words were compared on their meaning and tenor (type of role interaction). All the analyzed data were categorized into groups and then described in narrative style, summary, and reporting. The findings of the study were as follows.
After, examining all ten chapters 119 metaphors were found, categorized into 7 types from 20 types of metaphorical language all together. In this research, the results were separated on occurrence frequency; dead metaphor (73.96%), followed by extended metaphors (8.40%) and complex metaphors (6.72%). While compound metaphors were 4.20%, it is obvious that creative metaphors, orientation metaphors and root metaphors are seldom found in this book (2.52%), (2.52%), and (1.68%)
The findings of this study would help readers to understand deeper meanings of the story. The readers could interpret the metaphors and apply the knowledge to read other novels. The important thing, the findings should be used for further study in this field. At the same time, this study was given insight into culture, idea of the author’s thinking, and new experiences for readers to consider when reading novels.
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