Scientific note: Similarities between Survival Analysis using Kaplan-Meier and ANOVA

  • Hossam F. Abou-Shaara
Keywords: ANOVA, Kaplan-Meier, Mantel-Cox, Post Hoc, survival


Survival experiments are essential for researches in various biological fields. Survival analysis can be done using Kaplan-Meier. This test is not well known than ANOVA. It is hypothesized that ANOVA can give similar results to Kaplan-Meier. In this study, three survival experiments using different number of treatments or cases were analyzed to compare ANOVA and Kaplan-Meier. Similarities between Duncan after ANOVA and Kaplan-Meier with Mantel-Cox, Breslow, or Tarone-Ware were found. Also, percentages of survived individuals from Kaplan-Meier were similar to calculated cumulative mortality.


Download data is not yet available.


Efron B. Logistic Regression, survival analysis, and the Kaplan-Meier curve. J Am Stat Assoc. 1988; 83 (402): 414-425.

Satten GA, Datta S. The Kaplan-Meier estimator as an inverse-probability-of-censoring weighted average. Am Stat. 2001; 55(3): 207-210.

Southern DA, Faris PD, Brant R, Galbraith PD, Norris CM, Knudtson ML, Ghali WA. Kaplan-Meier methods yielded misleading results in competing risk scenarios. J Clin Epi. 2006; 59(10): 1110-1114.

Ture M, Tokatli F, Kurt I. Using Kaplan-Meier analysis together with decision tree methods (C&RT, CHAID, QUEST, C4.5 and ID3) in determining recurrence-free survival of breast cancer patients. Expert Syst Appl. 2009; 36(2):2017-2026.