The Royal Court Reform in the Constitutional Regime

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ปราการ กลิ่นฟุ้ง

Abstract

This article examines the reform of the Siamese royal court after the 1932 Revolution and argues that factors which determined the directions of changes in the palace court were the constitutional monarchy principles of governance and the political conflicts between the leaders. On the one hand, the basis of the reform was the separation of the monarch and the power to manipulate the royal affairs from each other and transfered such a power to the government. The process began after the Revolution took place. The royal organization was reduced to the smaller administrative scale, from a ministry to an office; however, its administration and finance were still royal prerogatives. When the Ministry of Royal Household was reestablished in 1933, the royal court’s administrative and financial management was changed in accordance with the constitutional scheme. Its minister became a political bureaucrat who was responsible to the National Assembly in the same way as other ministers. In addition, the budget of the ministry was transferred to the government’s power. The king was gradually excluded from the power to manage the royal court. This was pursued in line with the constitutional monarchical principle in which the king could not exercise public affairs by himself. On the other hand, changes in the royal court took place amid political situations after the Revolution: the 1933 coup d’état, the civil war, and the abdication of King Prajadhipok, a turning point that made the reform possible. This resulted in the completion of the transfer of the royal court’s administration and finance to the power of the new leaders.

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บทความวิชาการ