Stroke patients are suffering from many problems that limit their activity in daily living including loss of balance. Balance control is the ability to control the center of mass in the base of support which uses a complex combination of multiple components. Thus, a good balance measurement tools should be able to evaluate all components of balance. There are several balance measurement tools that could be used in clinical setting e.g. Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up & Go test (TUG) and Mini-Balance evaluation system test (mini-BESTest). BBS is the gold standard measurement which widely used in both clinical and research circumstances. This test could be used to discriminate between faller and non-faller stroke patients. TUG test is a quick and simple test used to assess patient’s mobility. Mini-BESTest is a short version of BESTest which could be used in many population including stroke patient. The Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) scale is the new balance assessment test designed to measure higher functional balance in elderly and stroke patients. Although there are several balance measurement tool available, there are limit number of studies that appraise the components of balance. Hence, the aim of this study was to review 4 balance measurement tools i.e. BBS, TUG, mini-BESTest and FAB in their components of balance control. It was found that both FAB and mini-BESTest is better than BBS and TUG to evaluate all components of balance control.
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