Physiotherapy management of acute whiplash-associated disorder II

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Taweewat Wiangkham


Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are not reported as a health problem in Thailand although the incidence of road traffic accidents in Thailand is quite high. Interestingly, the developed countries (e.g. Sweden, France, Canada, Italy, USA, UK and Australia) have reported the problems of the WAD management. It is interesting to observe and monitor the patients with WAD in Thailand in order to explore why WAD are not an issue. The interesting grade is WAD grade II which can be classified at least 70% of patients with WAD and commonly managed by physiotherapists. Therefore, the aim of this review was to update the evidence and knowledge regarding WAD in the acute stage to Thai physiotherapists in order to assist them in preventing their patients from chronicity. Additionally, this review could encourage Thai physiotherapists and researchers in conducting whiplash studies in the future. This review consists of the definition of WAD, the situation of WAD, the presentation of WAD, the classification of WAD, the management of WAD II and its future study.

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Wiangkham T. Physiotherapy management of acute whiplash-associated disorder II. Thai Journal of Physical Therapy [Internet]. 17Apr.2018 [cited 22May2018];40(1):31-0. Available from:
Review Article


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