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Background: In Thailand, the orientation and mobility (O&M) training for persons with visual impairment has been systematically promoted nationwide since 2010. It was unknown, however, whether persons with visual impairment applied the O&M training in their daily lives.
Objective: To evaluate the uses of O&M skills in daily life of persons with visual impairment after participating in an O&M training course of Kuchinarai Crown Prince Hospital, Kalasin Province.
Method: Participants were 40 persons with visual impairment (26 females and 14 males, average age 61.1 years) who received an 80-hour O&M training course of Kuchinarai Crown Prince Hospital, Kalasin Province. The course consisted of theoretical and practical sessions with 20 O&M skills. By using a questionnaire designed by the investigators, the uses of O&M skills in daily life of the participants were evaluated at weeks 4 and 8 after the training. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and McNemar test.
Results: Of 20 O&M skills included in the training course, 5 were not used in daily life by more than half of the participants. Those skills were mostly related to movements with a helper.
Conclusion: After participating in the O&M training, persons with visual impairment in Kuchinarai District, Kalasin Province used most of O&M skills in daily life. The findings could be applied for improving the O&M training course to be more suitable for the target clients.
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