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This quasi-experimental research study aimed to investigate the effects of a perceived selfefficacy in nutrition enhancement program on nutrition health behavior and weight gain of primigravida pregnant women with pre-pregnancy overweight. Participants consisted of 60 women who received antenatal care services at Prabhuddabaht hospital, Saraburi province. The research instruments included 1) a perceived self-efficacy in nutrition enhancement program, 2) weighing scale, and 3) questionnaires of demographic data and nutrition behavior. The control group received routine care while the experimental group received both routine care and the program. Data were analyzed by frequency, percent, range, mean, standard deviation, Fisher’s exact test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and t-test.
Results revealed that:
- the experimental group had a significantly higher difference in pre-posttest mean score for nutrition health behavior than the control group (t=9.22, p<.001);
- the experimental group had a higher mean score of nutrition health behavior after experiment than that of before experiment (t=11.67, p< .001); and
- the experimental group had a mean weekly weight gain different from that of the control group (t= -8.12, p<.001).
Nurses responsible for an antenatal care clinic should be trained about nutrition in pre-pregnancy overweight women. They should then apply this program to the care of these pregnant women. This may help these women become empowered to improve their nutrition health behaviors.
บทความและรายงานวิจัยในวารสารพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เป็นความคิดเห็นของ ผู้เขียน มิใช่ของคณะผู้จัดทำ และมิใช่ความรับผิดชอบของสมาคมศิษย์เก่าพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข ซึ่งสามารถนำไปอ้างอิงได้
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