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This predictive correlation research was aimed to study medication taking behaviors and to identify predictive factors of 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. Simple random sampling was used to recruit 470 patients who were diagnosed with T2DM. Data were collected by questionnaire comprising 5 parts, with a total of 51 items. Content validity was examined by Index of Congruence (IOC) and yielded a value of 1.00. The reliability of part 3 of the questionnaire was assessed by KR-20, and yielded a value of .73. Whereas parts 4 and 5 of the questionnaire were examined by Cronbach’s alpha, and obtained values of .79 and .84, respectively. Descriptive statistics were generated and stepwise multiple regression analysis was used.
The results revealed that medication taking behaviors were at a good level (M=25.38, SD=2.34). An analysis of predicting factors showed that perceived susceptibility regarding complication of T2DM (B=.60), knowledge (B=.23), and the amount of medication taken (B=-.03) accounted for 15% of variation in medication taking behaviors with a significance level of p <.05.
These findings suggest that healthcare personnel should be provided with the program to enhance perceived susceptibility about complications of T2DM, knowledge, and monitoring T2DM patients who have oral DM medication i.e., provide home visits to monitor medication taking behavior, establish a diabetes self-help group to share information on the risk of diabetes complications and management of anti-diabetics medication.
บทความและรายงานวิจัยในวารสารพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เป็นความคิดเห็นของ ผู้เขียน มิใช่ของคณะผู้จัดทำ และมิใช่ความรับผิดชอบของสมาคมศิษย์เก่าพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข ซึ่งสามารถนำไปอ้างอิงได้
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