Main Article Content
The purpose of this predictive descriptive research study were to describe the level of physical activity and to determine the predicting factors regarding predisposition, enablement, and reinforcement factors for physical activity behavior among grade 4-6 students in Nongkula Sub-district, Bang Rakam District, Phitsanulok Province. The sample consisted of 350 students from grade 4 to 6. They were selected by proportional stratified random sampling and simple random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaires. The content validity was examined by the Item-Content Validity Index (I-CVI) and yielded a value of .80–1.00. The reliability of the knowledge questionnaire was assessed by KR-20 and obtained a value of .70. The reliability of attitude, self-efficacy towards physical activity, enabling factors, reinforcing factors and physical activity behavior were assessed by Cronbach’s alpha, and achieved values of .70, .70, .71, .71 and .72 respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression with the significance level of .05.
The results showed that the samples had positive physical activity behavior ( =3.70, SD=.673). In addition, stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that reinforcing factors (β=.41, b=.48, p<.001), gender (β=.22, b=2.70, p<.001), and nutritional status (β=-0.12, b=-2.69, p=.011) accounted for 21.6% of predicting physical activity behaviors among students.
The study suggested that the public health personnel should recommend parents and teachers support continuous physical activity for their children, including the provision of appropriate advice regarding physical activity for children of different gender and nutritional status, designing programs to increase knowledge regarding the benefits of physical activity and continually monitoring nutritional status among students. These activities will lead to improved health of students.
บทความและรายงานวิจัยในวารสารพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข เป็นความคิดเห็นของ ผู้เขียน มิใช่ของคณะผู้จัดทำ และมิใช่ความรับผิดชอบของสมาคมศิษย์เก่าพยาบาลกระทรวงสาธารณสุข ซึ่งสามารถนำไปอ้างอิงได้
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