Main Article Content
The present research is aimed to investigate the influence of different levels of linguistic distance among languages on the development of multilingual mental lexicon and lexical access, to investigate the influence of different order entities on the development of multilingual mental lexicon and lexical access, and to investigate the interaction among different levels of linguistic distance and different word order entities on the development of multilingual mental lexicon and lexical access. The subjects of this study consisted of four groups as (1) 50 Thai-Lao-Cambodia speakers; (2) 50 Thai-Lao-Vietnamese speakers; (3) 50 Thai-English- Cambodia speakers; and (4) 50 Thai-English- Vietnamese speakers. The masked translation equivalent priming tasks were used as the experimental methodology. The results were analyzed using ANOVA and MANOVA. The results revealed that the effect of linguistic distance has the influence on the recognition and development of L2 and L3 and different orders of word entities produced different degree of priming effects. The analysis revealed the significant interaction among linguistic distance, word order entity, prime language status, and target language status. The implementation of results is the development of particular model mental to explain lexicon and lexical access of multilingual speakers.
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