A Criterion for Judgment of Ãnãnãpãnasati Meditation Practices in Thai Society according to Theravada Buddhist Principles

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Chanyaphak Pongchayakorn

Abstract

This dissertation entitled ‘A Criterion for Judgement of Ãnãpãnasati Meditation Practices in Thai Society According to Theravada Buddhist Principles’. In the research findings, two stages were obviously shown: firstly, criteria in judgment primarily mean four aspects: 1) man: it can be a good person irrespective of gender, age, and status, just only following basic five precept, 2) place: it can be practiced in any place and any time, 3) posture:  it can be either a sitting, walking, standing or even sleeping posture and 4) mindfulness: while mindfully contemplating on breathing in and breathing out, one should place it at the end of nose tip or upper lip, secondly, 4 criteria in judgment of practice were found: 1) one should be mindfully contemplating on long breathing in and breathing out, 2) one should be mindful in seeing five aggregates of existence in the present moment, 3) one should possesses concentration at least moment concentration, 4) one should have real knowledge, Anupassanãñãṇa, Vipassanãñãṇa and Maggañãṇa which would bring about insight to a practitioner liberating him/her from all kinds of suffering and thereby gaining good life living happily in every breath. As far as this research was concerned, the most important thing disclosed  while researching  was that only the first stage of practice where a practitioner is full of mindfulness, clear comprehension, concentration and real knowledge can bring him/her the realization of Dhamma, needless to say about 16 stages as was claimed offered by Sãrĩputtathera and Master Lee Dhammadharo, Buddhadasa Bhikkhu  and Phra Brahmagunaborn (P. A. Payutto) in their explanation.

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บทความวิจัย