Publication Ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

The Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research (PRIJNR) is owned by the Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council and managed by the Editors of the Journal. The Journal is published four times a year on a 3 monthly basis both online and in hard copy (January, April, July, and October).   All articles/issues are digitally preserved in online archiving as well as through backup copies in the Editorial Office. This Journal adheres to the Code of Conduct for Journal Editors (2008) of the COPE Committee and works to ensure the highest possible ethical standards of publication practice.  Our statement blow closely draws upon wording of this Code.  The full Code can be found at:

The Editors of PRIJNR strive to: 

  1. Maintain the highest possible standards of practice in publishing to meet the needs of authors and readers, maintain confidentiality of a submitted manuscript, improve the quality of material, champion freedom of expression, maintain the integrity of the academic record, avoid business interests compromising intellectual standards, and are willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies where relevant;
  2. Ensure that all manuscripts are peer reviewed by at least two expert reviewers.
  3. Give timely and comprehensive feedback to authors.
  4. Evaluate all manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors;
  5. Make firm decisions about what articles are accepted for publication, according to the policies of the journal, legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism, and take into account feedback from other editors and expert reviewers;
  6. Be fair to authors and provide chances for appeal against their decisions; and
  7. Pursue misconduct for the following reasons in published and unpublished work:  plagiarism of other works, data fabrication and falsification, when a submitted manuscript has been found to be under revision elsewhere or published elsewhere, or where there is citation manipulation. Dependent on the level or depth of misconduct in each case, measures to deal with such conduct may include rejection of a manuscript, retraction of an article online together with a statement regarding the retraction, or notification of misconduct to the author(s) employers.  At all times authors involved in such misconduct will be given reasons in writing regarding this and be given the opportunity to appeal.

The Editors of PRIJNR are supported by an Editorial Board of international experts in nursing and health who contribute ideas about the Journal and review content on a regular basis.   A full list of the Editorial Board can be found on the Journal’s home page.

Author Responsibilities

Editors of PRIJNR expect authors to maintain high standards of ethical publishing and provide full and correct details of:

  1. Any financial support for the study or paper, and potential or actual conflicts of interest;
  2. Ethical approval of their study by a specific ethics committee;
  3. The results of their study;
  4. Description of how they protected the rights of the study participants, including confidentiality;
  5. Full and correct references of all citations of other authors’ work, including their own;
  6. Raw data if this is required when a manuscript is under review.
  7. Adherence to guidelines for submission on the Journal.
  8. Any significant error or inaccuracy in their article so as to correct or retract the paper;
  9. Declaration that they not submitted their manuscript to multiple journals at the same time;
  10. Statements regarding any funding bodies for their studies/articles and describe any actual or potential conflict of interest to the Editor on submission of a manuscript.
  11. The co-authors of a paper which should be given only to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study, or in other cases to the writing of the manuscript, dependent on the type of manuscript. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript and its submission to the Journal. A statement regarding the responsibilities of each co-author in relation to the manuscript or study must be provided on submission.

Authors are also expected to: 

  1. Be aware that they have the right to appeal an Editor’s decision about their manuscript by emailing the editorial office (; with a detailed explanation as to why they are appealing.  The team of Editors will ensure that all appeals are dealt with fairly.
  2. Be aware that steps will be taken to deal with author misconduct for issues such as plagiarism or research unethical behaviour.   In such cases authors need to be aware that they may be responsible for any costs involved in retraction of their article or correction of mistakes in print, And
  3. Contribute to the review processes of articles for the Journal.

Reviewers of PRIJNR are expected to:

  1. Provide prompt, timely feedback to the Editors on manuscripts;
  2. Maintain confidentiality of all documents in the review process;
  3. Alert the Editors of any reason or possible or actual conflict of interest in relation to a manuscript or its authors, or knowledge of a study or project, and withdraw from the process;
  4. Advise the Editors of possible plagiarism where authors have not cited work correctly or duplicated work in publications, including their own, or in unpublished data;
  5. Give timely, feedback to authors which does not personally criticise them and provides clear supportive statements to back up their review decisions;  and
  6. Alert the Editors when presented with a manuscript for which they do not have the expertise to review.