Main Article Content
Height loss is caused by spinal loading activities in daily life. Deformation and dehydration of the intervertebral discs are physically changes from the loading on spine. It finds that human height is gradually decreased during the daytime approximately 1.1% of total body height, which is mostly attributable changing at lumbar disc. However, the recumbent position can reduce loading on the spine and intra-discal osmotic pressure, thus spinal fluid return into the intervertebral discs. For this reason, the normal height level is considerately restored, however levels of height loss are depended on influence factors. Once the factors affected height loss with statistically significance, it possibly caused permanent distortion of intervertebral disc in consequence of low back pain. Low back pain also has an impact on the quality of life and economic burden. Therefore, this review article concluded about knowledge of structures and biomechanics of the intervertebral disc, and influence factors significantly affected to height loss. The main objective is to promote awareness of the activities and influence factors that affected height loss significantly during the day, and this may cause low back pain in the future.
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