Systemic effects and anemia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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Sarayoot Mongkol


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation and effects to the lung function. COPD also has significant effects on the body system which called systemic effects for example; weight loss, nutritional abnormalities, cardiovascular effects, nervous system effects, and skeletal muscle dysfunction. The prevalence of anemia in COPD is increased and showed a similar to other chronic disease such as chronic heart failure, cancer, and renal failure. The anemic COPD is effect to decrease the exercise capacity and the quality of life. The mechanisms underlying the systemic effects and anemia in COPD are imprecise, but they are correlation with inactivity, systemic inflammation, tissue hypoxia and oxidative stress. Therefore, the clinical assessment and the treatment of COPD which focused on the procedure for decrease the systemic effect and anemia can be the effective approach for treating COPD patients.



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Mongkol S. Systemic effects and anemia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thai Journal of Physical Therapy [Internet]. 16Apr.2015 [cited 20Sep.2018];37(1):54-2. Available from:
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